As of 20th July 2016, when Regulation (EU) no. 609/2013 enters into force, the sector of the foods for special purposes (ADAP – prodotti destinati ad una alimentazione particolare) will be abrogated.
In the field of application of this regulation, known as FSG (Foods for Specific Groups), the updated provisions for the following categories of food are included:
- formulas for infants and follow-on formulas;
- cereal-based food and other food for young children;
- food for special medical purposes;
- total diet replacement for weight control.
These categories of products are intended for specific population groups with special nutrition requirements. They include for instance infants and young children, subjects nutritionally vulnerable due to specific disorders, diseases or medical conditions, subjects with excessive weight that need to fulfil their essential nutrient needs with a reduced or very reduced energy intake.
Regulation (EU) no. 609/2013 excludes any provision on:
- gluten-free food for people with coeliac disease;
- lactose-free food.
The indication on the absence or reduced presence of gluten in food can be reported on the label voluntarily, as per Regulation (EU) no. 1169/2011. The same applies to the absence or reduced presence of lactose.
Regulation (EU) no. 828/2014 reports the admitted claims on the absence or reduced presence of gluten in food.
Based on the provisions of Regulation 609/2013, products for sportmen shall also be re-classified: some as food supplements, others as added food.
Also the category of food for persons suffering from carbohydrate metabolism disorders (diabetes) cannot be considered anymore as an ADAP. For this category of products there are no specific European requirements as a report of the Commission to the European Parliament and to the Council has concluded that there is no scientific feedback to define specific criteria for the composition of this food. Indications such as “sugar-free” or “reduced glycemic impact” can be reported as per Regulation (EC) no. 1924/2006, but «diabetes» cannot be explicitly referred to or recalled, therefore a wording like «product for diabetics» is not admitted, with a possible exception only for food for special medical purposes, for instance in the case of enteral diets.