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Cosmetic labelling

A label is the business card of a product; in fact, this is the mean by which consumers can get to know a product, its features and the warnings to consider before its use. It is therefore essential that the text reported in the labelling is easily understandable, exhaustive, correct and scientifically grounded, and also compliant with the regulations of this sector.

As far as cosmetic products are concerned, consumers are very careful in their selection, thoroughly evaluating the cosmetic label in search of the product that is more in line with their needs.

Let’s see in details which information should be mandatorily reported in the label of a cosmetic product according to the relevant regulations.

In this case, the legal text to be taken into account is Regulation (EC) no. 1223/2009, therefore a European regulation directly applicable in all EU countries.

The Regulation clearly specifies that the labelling of cosmetic products should report the name or the trade name and address of the responsible person. In fact, for cosmetics, no preliminary marketing authorization is provided for; sale can start after the responsible person has performed an online notification and has a PIF (i.e. a product technical dossier) at their disposal.

In the cosmetic labelling, the following information should also be specified: the batch number (allowing to track the product, particularly useful in case of product-related issues); the quantity of product in the pack; and the expire date (that for some cosmetics can be replaced by the PAO).

The consumers should also be informed about any special precaution to be complied with for the use of the product and about the cosmetic function (in case this is not already clear based on the product presentation).

Besides, a list of ingredients should be included, preceded by the term: “Ingredients“. The ingredients, in decreasing order of weight, shall be reported with their INCI names.

Additionally, there are other transversal regulations to be considered and applied to cosmetics as well, such as the regulation on packaging. The latter provides for the indication of the material used for the product packaging and of any information helping consumers in the correct disposal of the packaging.

Also in this case, the minimum mandatory information is not much and constitutes a basic set of information to consumers, so that they can decide rationally before buying the product.

However, there is also further information that can support consumers in their decisions. People often pay attention to the environmental impact of the products they use, therefore a cosmetic product manufactured in a sustainable manner will be preferred to others where this aspect was not taken into account.

The cosmetic responsible person shall therefore design the product examining with care the materials used, the manufacturing methods and, last but not least, the information circulated to consumers via the labelling.

Written by: Federica Montozzi

Foto di Ichigo121212 da Pixabay